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What is AMD?

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a very common form of visual impairment. About one in ten people over 65 have some level of AMD. 

AMD Symptoms
Central vision will become blurred, leading to difficulties in recognising people’s faces, and activities like driving and reading. Colors may also appear less vibrant and straight lines may look distorted or wavy. Some AMD sufferers become sensitive to bright lights and whilst AMD will not lead to complete blindness, it usually affects both eyes. There are two main types of AMD and both develop when the macula, a tiny part of the retina, starts to deteriorate.

 Wet AMD 
Is an advanced form of dry AMD. New, abnormally formed blood vessels under the macula leak blood and fluid. This can happen suddenly. In terms of treating wet AMD, anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) medication can slow down deterioration, by preventing the growth of new blood vessels in the eye. Laser surgery is used to destroy the abnormal blood vessels. Visit your local eye care specialist for further advice on treatment, and to discuss options for what lenses could help.

 Dry AMD 
Is the most common form of AMD. It happens when the cells of the macula are damaged due to a build-up of waste products. The loss of central vision may occur over a long period. There is no specific treatment, but a good diet may slow the progress of the condition, and reduce the risk of it turning into wet AMD. Magnifying lenses, large print books and very bright lights can make reading easier.